Kharif sowing delayed due to scanty rains; lack of irrigation adding to woes

The Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers’ Welfare on Friday, said that the sowing of kharif crops including paddy is 10.43 percent less on a YoY basis, at 499.87 lakh hectares. Till July 9, almost 45 percent of the sowing was completed in the total kharif area of about 1,000-1,100 lakh hectares. In the year-ago period, kharif crops were covered in 558.11 lakh hectares.

Agriculture News: By the third week of June, we were 38 per cent over monsoon, and between June 22 and July 10, the monsoon actually took a short break, which is why sowing has also been delayed.

Monsoon or kharif sowing starts from June 1 and continues till the first week of August, but most of it is sown by mid-July, and the rest is actually sown for later cash crops or fast growing crops. it occurs.

According to the ministry data, the area under paddy sown so far in the 2021-22 kharif season is 114.82 lakh hectares as against 126.08 lakh hectares in the year-ago period. Bihar recorded low sowing of paddy in 2.74 lakh hectares, followed by Chhattisgarh at 2.18 lakh hectares, Assam and Haryana at 1.37 and 1.31 lakh hectares respectively. Similarly, the area under pulses was marginally lower at 52.49 lakh hectare from 53.35 lakh hectare in the same period a year ago.

Among cash crops, the area under cotton sown so far this kharif season was lower at 86.45 lakh hectares as against 104.83 lakh hectares in the year-ago period.
The ministry says that they are looking into the concerns in various sectors. “Nearly 50 per cent of India does not have irrigation and this is an area of ​​major concern.”
As of now, most of North-West India, especially Rajasthan, Gujarat, Western Uttar Pradesh, Haryana and Punjab etc. have deficient monsoon. These are also the major crop belt areas.

causes of excess rainfall and scanty rainfall

cause of excessive rain

As temperatures rise, an air mass can rapidly hold more moisture (water vapor); A warm air mass can hold much more moisture than a cold one. Because moisture is an essential component of rainfall, a longer, heavier rain can occur than a warm wind. a cold one.

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cause of low rainfall

The immediate or immediate cause of the lack of rainfall may be due to one or more factors including the absence of available moisture in the atmosphere; Large-scale concavity (downward movement of air within the atmosphere), which suppresses convective activity, and the absence or non-arrival of rain-bearing systems.

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